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Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance (DMARC)

Knowledge Base/Glossary: "Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance (DMARC) is a technical specification that helps organizations protect their email domains from being used for email fraud and phishing attacks. DMARC builds upon existing email authen..."

Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance (DMARC) is a technical specification that helps organizations protect their email domains from being used for email fraud and phishing attacks. DMARC builds upon existing email authentication protocols like Sender Policy Framework (SPF) and DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM), and provides a way for email receivers to verify the authenticity of incoming email messages.

DMARC works by allowing email domain owners to specify a policy that tells email receivers what to do if an incoming message fails authentication checks. For example, the domain owner can specify that any messages that fail both SPF and DKIM checks should be rejected outright, or they can choose to quarantine suspicious messages for review. This helps to ensure that only legitimate emails from authorized senders are delivered to recipients, and it makes it much more difficult for attackers to spoof a domain and send fraudulent emails.

In addition to its authentication and policy enforcement capabilities, DMARC also provides reporting and analytics functionality that allows domain owners to monitor the use of their email domains and identify potential phishing attacks. DMARC reports provide detailed information about who is sending email using a particular domain, what types of messages are being sent, and whether or not they are passing authentication checks. This information can be used to identify and block unauthorized use of the domain, as well as to improve the overall security of the email infrastructure.

DMARC is an important tool for combating email fraud and phishing attacks, which remain a major threat to organizations of all sizes. By implementing DMARC, organizations can take a proactive approach to email security and ensure that their domains are protected from abuse. DMARC is widely supported by email service providers, and many large organizations have already implemented it as part of their email security strategy. For smaller organizations, DMARC can be a valuable tool for improving email security without requiring a significant investment in additional infrastructure or resources.

Overall, DMARC is a powerful tool for improving the security and reliability of email communication. By enabling domain owners to enforce authentication and policy controls, and providing robust reporting and analytics capabilities, DMARC helps to reduce the risk of email fraud and phishing attacks, and improve the overall trustworthiness of email communication. As email continues to be a critical communication channel for organizations, DMARC is likely to become an increasingly important component of the email security landscape.

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